The Constitution of Ordonia

 

Preamble


Affirming their independence and freedom to seek sovereignty, and understanding the failures of current states to address the growing impasses of an ever connected world, the people of Ordonia establish a new, post-modern nation. One built on the needs, dynamics, and growth of a modern world, which can provide a place for people to come together without the social and cultural obsolescence of modern states.

Ordonia exists, first and foremost, as a state in the online space, free from the obligations of landed nations. It is a sovereign unitary state, vested in the authority of its people.

This constitution is the ultimate law of the nation, superseding any current or future law that conflicts the language of this document.

I. First Citizenry


Article 1: [Duties]

  1. The national executive shall be headed by the First Citizen.

  2. The duties of the head of state and head of government shall be vested into the First Citizen.

  3. The First Citizen shall act as final arbitrator in criminal judicial cases.

  4. In cases of international treaties or agreements, the First Citizen shall carry the power to negotiate and ratify such agreements.

    1. To fulfill these duties, the First Citizen shall also carry the authority to create, fill, remove, and destroy ambassadorial and other diplomatic offices for engaging in diplomacy with other nations.

  5. On legislative matters, the First Citizen shall carry the ability to create and impose Acts of Citizenry, which shall carry the same weight as any Order of the Council or Legislative Measure, excepting in cases of constitutional amendment where such an act shall carry the same weight as an Act of Amendment.

  6. Authority in all matters of government shall be in the final arbitration of the First Citizen, including any domestic or international situations relevant to the nation.

Article 2: [Requirements & Succession]

  1. The First Citizen shall reign for a term of life, or until such time that they resign from their position.

  2. A current First Citizen shall be expected to establish a successor, under the witness of the Executive Council, whom shall succeed them upon the end of their term in office.

    1. In the absence of a successor upon the end of a First Citizen’s term, the Executive Council shall convene to elect a First Citizen with two-thirds and one votes.

    2. If an impasse is reached amongst the Executive Council, the proposed candidates shall be put to a vote of all franchised citizens.

  3. A successor to the First Citizenry shall be held to set requirements:

    1. Must be a citizen of the nation.

    2. Must be in good standing with the nation.

    3. Must have reached the age of 18 years.

  4. Upon ascending to the First Citizenry, they shall automatically be resigned from any political office or appointment in the nation, and shall be barred from taking any political office for the duration of their term.

  5. From the twenty-seventh day of January, two thousand nineteen, until such time that his term has ended, Ozycaevias shall exist as acting First Citizen.

II. Executive


Article 1: [Executive Council]

  1. The Executive Council shall be the primary legislative and executive body of the nation.

  2. It shall be made up of Councillors appointed by the First Citizen on the advisory of the current Executive Council.

    1. Councillors shall carry a term of life, or until such time that they resign or are removed from office by the First Citizen.

  3. Official meetings involving the Executive Council and the First Citizen shall be organized on a necessary basis, occurring no fewer than once every month.

  4. Orders of the Council shall be passed by two thirds and one aye votes, with a quorum of at least one half of councilors present, with the support of the First Citizen.

  5. Councillors shall be barred from holding any other political office during the duration of their term.

  6. The Executive Council shall be considered a fundamental part of the government, and an attack on its institution shall be considered an attack on the nation itself.

Article 2: [Tribune of the People]

  1. When deemed necessary, the First Citizen and Executive Council may open the office of Tribune of the People.

  2. This office shall be elected by all citizens of the nation who have reached the age of enfranchisement (16 years of age) and who are not otherwise barred from voting.

    1. The term of office shall be 2 months.

  3. The Tribune shall act as a representative of the people’s wishes to advise the First Citizen and Executive Council.

  4. When deemed necessary, the First Citizen may initiate an Act of the Citizenry, and/or Executive Council may initiate an Order of the Council to remove the current Tribune from office.

  5. At the conclusion of a Tribune’s term, whether by time limit or by executive act, the Executive Council and First Citizen shall convene to determine whether the office should be renewed or dissolved.

Article 3: [Auxiliary Executive Organs]

  1. The First Citizen and Executive Council shall hold the ability to create and destroy supporting and auxiliary executive organs as required to accomplish their duties and maintain the nation.

  2. These auxiliary organs shall be beholden to the direct authority of the Executive Council and First Citizen.

  3. Governing officers of these organs shall be appointed by the First Citizen to predetermined terms of service.

  4. The duties and authorities of these organs shall be determined by the Executive Council and First Citizen upon the organ’s creation, and revised when necessary to the continued operation of the executive.

III. Legislative


Article 1: [Legislative Measures]

  1. The Executive Council shall carry the power to propose and debate legislative measures for the nation.

  2. These measures shall be, at the conclusion of debate, voted on by the Executive Council, requiring a one-half and one votes, with a quorum of at least one half of all councilors present, to be passed.

  3. The First Citizen will reserve the right to veto any legislative measure proposed.

  4. All passed measures shall be considered the law of the land until such time that a following measure amends or appeals the prior measure.

Article 2: [Referenda]

  1. The Executive Council or First Citizen may put any proposed Legislative Measure to a vote of referendum.

  2. Referenda shall be conducted in a reasonable time from its declaration.

  3. All franchised citizens shall be able to vote on any referenda posed to the electorate.

  4. A referendum shall be deemed passed if it acquires one half and one aye votes.

    1. Referenda results shall be disqualified if the total non-spoiled votes accumulated does not reach the threshold of one third of franchised citizens.

  5. Passed referenda shall be treated as a Legislative Measure, the same as if the Executive Council had passed it.

IV. Citizenship


Article 1: [Requirements]

  1. A resident of the nation shall be considered a citizen if:

    1. They have passed a citizenship examination determined by the Executive Council and First Citizen; they have at least two letters of support from two current citizens of the nation on record OR they have received a declaration of support from the First Citizen; and they have existed as a resident of the nation for a time determined by the Executive Council and First Citizen.

    2. They are born to at least one parent who carries citizenship of the nation and is in good standing with the nation.

    3. They are stateless and, through the authority of the First Citizen, are provided citizenship regardless of any prior criteria.

  2. Citizenship does not automatically dissolve any citizenship prior to naturalization that a citizen may have held.

Article 2: [Enfranchisement]

  1. A citizen shall be considered franchised when:

    1. They have reached the age of 16.

    2. They are in good standing with the nation.

    3. They have resided in the nation for at least 2 continuous weeks.

  2. Enfranchisement shall provide the equal right of voting on official elections to any citizen, regardless of race, sex, creed, or ethnicity.

  3. Enfranchisement can only be revoked by the First Citizen on a basis of high crime, threat to the nation, or security of the people.

Article 3: [Revocation]

One’s citizenship may only be revoked by an Act of Citizenry in cases of high crime, threat to the nation, or security of the people.

V. Amendment


Article 1: [Process]

  1. The constitution may only be amended through either an Act of Amendment or an Act of Citizenry.

  2. An Act of Amendment must be passed by two thirds and one of the Executive Council, ratified by the Tribune of the People, and ratified by the First Citizen.

    1. If the Tribune office is not currently filled, its role may be substituted by a referenda requiring two thirds and one aye votes with total votes of at least one third the electorate.

  3. Amendment Acts must be concise in its purpose and only introducing what is necessary to modify the constitution with regards to the benefit of the nation.

Article 2: [Authority]

  1. An amendment, upon successfully fulfilling its conditions, shall be considered a part of this document, and as such shall be granted all the authority this constitution carries.

  2. The amendment shall go into full effect immediately upon fulfilling its conditions, except in cases where a delay is stated explicitly, and established finitely, within the act itself.

Ratification


This constitution shall come to be the supreme law of Ordonia with its ratification by the current First Citizen Ozycaevias.